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The potential of secondary metabolites from plants as drugs or leads against protozoan neglected diseases : part I

Schmidt, T. J. and Khalid, S. A. and Romanha, A. J. and Alves, T. Ma and Biavatti, M. W. and Brun, R. and Da Costa, F. B. and de Castro, S. L. and Ferreira, V. F. and de Lacerda, M. V. G. and Lago, J. H. G. and Leon, L. L. and Lopes, N. P. and das Neves Amorim, R. C. and Niehues, M. and Ogungbe, I. V. and Pohlit, A. M. and Scotti, M. T. and Setzer, W. N. and de N. C. Soeiro, M. and Steindel, M. and Tempone, A. G.. (2012) The potential of secondary metabolites from plants as drugs or leads against protozoan neglected diseases : part I. Current medicinal chemistry, Vol. 19, H. 14. pp. 2128-2175.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6094422

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Abstract

Infections with protozoan parasites are a major cause of disease and mortality in many tropical countries of the world. Diseases caused by species of the genera Trypanosoma (Human African Trypanosomiasis and Chagas Disease) and Leishmania (various forms of Leishmaniasis) are among the seventeen 'Neglected Tropical Diseases' (NTDs) defined as such by WHO due to the neglect of financial investment into research and development of new drugs by a large part of pharmaceutical industry and neglect of public awareness in high income countries. Another major tropical protozoan disease is malaria (caused by various Plasmodium species), which -although not mentioned currently by the WHO as a neglected disease- still represents a major problem, especially to people living under poor circumstances in tropical countries. Malaria causes by far the highest number of deaths of all protozoan infections and is often (as in this review) included in the NTDs. The mentioned diseases threaten many millions of lives world-wide and they are mostly associated with poor socioeconomic and hygienic environment. Existing therapies suffer from various shortcomings, namely, a high degree of toxicity and unwanted effects, lack of availability and/or problematic application under the life conditions of affected populations. Development of new, safe and affordable drugs is therefore an urgent need. Nature has provided an innumerable number of drugs for the treatment of many serious diseases. Among the natural sources for new bioactive chemicals, plants are still predominant. Their secondary metabolism yields an immeasurable wealth of chemical structures which has been and will continue to be a source of new drugs, directly in their native form and after optimization by synthetic medicinal chemistry. The current review, published in two parts, attempts to give an overview on the potential of such plant-derived natural products as antiprotozoal leads and/or drugs in the fight against NTDs
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Parasite Chemotherapy (Mäser)
UniBasel Contributors:Brun, Reto
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Bentham Science Publ.]
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:04 Sep 2015 14:32
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:38

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