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Effects of a single 50% extra dose of methadone on heroin craving and mood in lower- versus higher-dose methadone patients

Strasser, Johannes and Wiesbeck, Gerhard A. and Meier, Natalie and Stohler, Rudolf and Dürsteler-Macfarland, Kenneth M.. (2010) Effects of a single 50% extra dose of methadone on heroin craving and mood in lower- versus higher-dose methadone patients. Journal of clinical psychopharmacology, Vol. 30, H. 4. pp. 450-454.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006255

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Abstract

Some patients on steady-state methadone occasionally crave for extra opioids for different reasons (eg, cue-elicited craving, stress). This study examined the acute-on-chronic effects on heroin craving, mood, and opioid-like symptoms of a single, extra half-dose on top of the patient's prescribed daily methadone dosage. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, counterbalanced crossover design was used to test the safety of this practice and the hypotheses that extra methadone would reduce heroin craving and improve mood, with greater responses in lower-dose (20-60 mg/d) as compared with higher-dose patients (80-120 mg/d). Fourteen stabilized methadone-maintained volunteers of each dose group were examined predrug and postdrug on 2 separate days using a range of self-report measures (Heroin Craving Questionnaire, visual analogs, Befindlichkeits-Skala, Short Opiate Withdrawal Scale, and Opioid Agonist Scale). Additionally, patients' expectations and guesses regarding treatment were assessed predrug and postdrug, respectively. No adverse effects occurred after extra methadone. Participants could not reliably distinguish between extra methadone and placebo. Repeated-measures analyses of variance showed no effects of extra methadone on heroin craving and opioid agonist effects. However, extra methadone improved mood on the Befindlichkeits-Skala (F1/24 = 4.71, P = 0.04), with marginally greater effects in lower-dose patients ((F1/24 = 2.94, P = 0.099). A single 50% extra methadone dose is most likely safe in patients on stable methadone doses of 20 to 120 mg/d and may improve patients' mood. Extra methadone may constitute an important factor in the attractiveness of maintenance treatment and may enhance treatment outcome.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Lang)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Lang)
UniBasel Contributors:Wiesbeck, Gerhard A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0271-0749
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:19 Jul 2013 07:43
Deposited On:19 Jul 2013 07:35

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