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Outdoor workers' sun-related knowledge, attitudes, and protective behaviours : a systematic review of cross-sectional and interventional studies

Reinau, D. and Weiss, M. and Meier, C. R. and Diepgen, T. L. and Surber, C.. (2012) Outdoor workers' sun-related knowledge, attitudes, and protective behaviours : a systematic review of cross-sectional and interventional studies. British journal of dermatology, Vol. 168, H. 5. pp. 928-940.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6083423

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Abstract

Background:  Sun protection is a major concern for outdoor workers as they are particularly exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation and therefore at increased risk of developing some forms of skin cancer, cataract, and ocular neoplasm. Objectives:  First: to provide an overview of outdoor workers' sun-related knowledge, attitudes, and protective behaviours as reported in the literature. Second: to evaluate the effectiveness of sun safety education programmes in outdoor occupational settings. Methods:  We conducted a systematic review of the literature by searching three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO) from their inception up to 25 April 2012. An extensive hand search complemented the database searches. Results:  We identified 34 relevant articles on descriptive studies and 18 articles on interventional studies. Considerable numbers of outdoor workers were found to have sun sensitive skin types; sunburn rates per season ranged from 50% to 80%. Data concerning outdoor workers' sun-related knowledge and attitudes were scarce and controversial. The reported sun protective behaviours were largely inadequate, with many workers stating that they never or only rarely wore a long-sleeved shirt (50-80%), sun protective headgear (30-80%), and sunscreen (30-100%) while working in the sun. However, there is growing evidence that occupational sun safety education is effective in increasing outdoor workers' sun protection habits and presumably in decreasing sunburn rates. Conclusions:  Occupational sun safety education programmes offer great potentials for improving outdoor workers' largely insufficient sun protective behaviours. It is hoped that in the future committed support from the Healthcare Authorities, cancer foundations, employers and dermatologists open the way for rapid and uncomplicated implementation of sun safety education programmes.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Klinische Pharmazie/Spitalpharmazie (Meier)
UniBasel Contributors:Meier, Christoph R.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Lewis
ISSN:0007-0963
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:27 Mar 2014 13:12
Deposited On:21 Jun 2013 12:28

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