Structure and laminin-binding specificity of the NtA domain expressed in eukaryotic cells

Mascarenhas, J. B. and Ruegg, M. A. and Sasaki, T. and Eble, J. A. and Engel, J. and Stetefeld, J.. (2005) Structure and laminin-binding specificity of the NtA domain expressed in eukaryotic cells. Matrix Biology, Vol. 23, H. 8. pp. 507-513.

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Agrin is a key organizer for postsynaptic differentiation at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). This activity requires the binding of agrin to the synaptic basal lamina via its N-terminal (NtA) domain. It has been suggested that this binding is mediated by conserved amino acids in the gamma 1 chain of laminin. Here, we report the crystal structure of chicken NtA expressed in eukaryotic HEK293 cells. In contrast to the previously published structure [Stetefeld, J., Jenny, M., Schulthess, T., Landwehr, R., Schumacher, B., Frank, S., Ruegg, M.A., Engel, J., Kammerer, R.A., 2001. The laminin-binding domain of agrin is structurally related to N-TIMP-1. Nat. Struct. Biol., 8, 705-709.], which was derived from the NtA domain expressed in E. coli, the new data show that the N-terminal tail region (amino acid residues Asn1-Arg5) is highly structured. Moreover, the disulfide bridge between Cys2 and Cys74 was also present. In addition, we show that the binding of NtA requires the gamma 1 chain of laminin and is not greatly affected by the composition of beta chains. These results confirm a model of the NtA-laminin complex where conserved amino acids in the gamma 1 chain are prerequisite for the binding to agrin and they further emphasize that the source of protein can be critical in structure determination.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Neurobiology > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Rüegg)
UniBasel Contributors:Rüegg, Markus A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:16 Apr 2019 12:15
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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