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Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traits

Simon, Joe J. and Walther, Stephan and Fiebach, Christian J. and Friederich, Hans-Christoph and Stippich, Christoph and Weisbrod, Matthias and Kaiser, Stefan. (2010) Neural reward processing is modulated by approach- and avoidance-related personality traits. NeuroImage, Vol. 49, H. 2. pp. 1868-1874.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005823

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Abstract

The neural processing of reward can be differentiated into two sub-components with different functions, "wanting" (i.e., the expectation of a reward which includes appetitive and motivational components) and "liking" (i.e., the hedonic impact experienced during the receipt of a reward), involving distinct neural systems. We hypothesize that variability in neural reward processing previously observed in healthy subjects could reflect inter-individual differences in personality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate how the neural processing during expectation and reception of a reward depends on interpersonal differences in reward sensitivity, more specifically the tendency to approach vs. avoid reward-related situations. We employed event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging during a monetary incentive delay task. Subjects with a high approach motivation showed more activation of the Ventral Striatum (VS) during the receipt of a reward, and more medial orbitofrontal activity during both the receipt and omission of a reward. Subjects with a high behavioral inhibition showed less activation in the VS during the receipt of a reward. These findings indicate that the tendency to approach or avoid reward-related situations exhibits a distinct relation with neural reward processing. Specifically, subjects with high behavioral approach appear to be sensitive mainly to positive outcomes and to a lesser extent to the omissions of rewards, whereas subjects with low behavioral approach as well as those with a high inhibition tendency display a blunted response to rewards.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologie USB > Neuroradiologie (Stippich)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Radiologie USB > Neuroradiologie (Stippich)
UniBasel Contributors:Stippich, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1095-9572
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:21 Jun 2013 12:29
Deposited On:21 Jun 2013 12:22

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