X-ray structure of a decameric cyclophilin-cyclosporin crystal complex

Pflügl, G. and Kallen, J. and Schirmer, T. and Jansonius, J. N. and Zurini, M. G. and Walkinshaw, M. D.. (1993) X-ray structure of a decameric cyclophilin-cyclosporin crystal complex. Nature, Vol. 361. pp. 91-94.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258289

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Human cyclophilin A (CypA), a ubiquitous intracellular protein of 165 amino acids, is the major receptor for the cyclic undecapeptide immunosuppressant drug cyclosporin A (CsA), which prevents allograft rejection after transplant surgery and is efficacious in the field of autoimmune diseases. CsA prevents T-cell proliferation by blocking the calcium-activated pathway leading to interleukin-2 transcription. Besides their ability to bind CsA, the cyclophilin isoforms also have peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity and enhance the rate of protein folding. The macrolide FK506 acts similarly to CsA and its cognate receptor FKBP also has peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity. Inhibition of this enzymatic activity alone is not sufficient to achieve immunosuppression. A direct molecular interaction between the drug-immunophilin complex (CsA-CypA, or FK506-FKBP) and the phosphatase calcineurin, is responsible for modulating the T-cell receptor signal transduction pathway. Here we describe the crystal structure of a decameric CypA-CsA complex. The crystallographic asymmetric unit is composed of a pentamer of 1:1 cyclophilin-cyclosporin complexes of rather exact non-crystallographic fivefold symmetry. The 2.8 A electron density map is of high quality. The five independent cyclosporin molecules are clearly identifiable, providing an unambiguous picture of the detailed interactions between a peptide drug and its receptor. It broadly confirms the results of previous NMR, X-ray and modelling studies, but provides further important structural details which will be of use in the design of drugs that are analogues of CsA.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Structural Biology & Biophysics > Structural Biology (Schirmer)
UniBasel Contributors:Schirmer, Tilman
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:07 Aug 2015 12:06
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:20

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