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Size fractionate particulate matter, vehicle traffic, and case-specific daily mortality in Barcelona, Spain

Perez, L. and Medina-Ramon M., and Künzli, N. and Alastuey, A. and Pey, J. and Perez, N. and Garcia, R. and Tobias, A. and Querol, X. and Sunyer, J.. (2009) Size fractionate particulate matter, vehicle traffic, and case-specific daily mortality in Barcelona, Spain. Environmental science & technology : ES & T : emphazising, water, air and waste chemistry, Vol. 43, H. 13. pp. 4707-4714.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5843326

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Abstract

Recent epidemiological research suggests that short-term effects of particle matter (PM) in urban areas may preferentially be driven by fine fractions. Questions remain concerning the adversehealth effects of coarse particles generated by noncombustion, traffic-related processes and the mechanism of action of PM. Using a time-stratified case-crossover design, we investigated the association between three independent size fractions, coarse (PM10-2.5), intermodal (PM2.5-1), and very fine PMs (PM1), and three health outcomes, respiratory, cardiovascular, and cerebrovascular mortality in Barcelona, Spain, during the period of March 2003-December 2005. Using existing data, we examined the chemical composition of each fraction to explore the effects of PM from different sources and the mechanisms of action. We found that increased levels of PM, and PM10-2.5 were associated with increased levels of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality at lag 1 and lag 2. At lag 1, the odds ratio (OR) for a 1 microg/m3 increase in PM1 was 1.028 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.000-1.058] for cardiovascular mortality and 1.063 (95% CI, 1.004-1.124) for cerebrovascular mortality. At lag 1, the odds ratio per a 10 microg/ m3 increase of PM10-2.5 was 1.059 (95% CI, 1.026-1.094) for cardiovascular mortality and 1.098 (95% CI, 1.030-1.171) for cerebrovascular mortality. Association with respiratory mortality was only detected for PM2.5-1 at lag 2 (OR, 1.206 per a 10 microg/ m3 increase; 95% CI, 1.028-1.416). Chemical composition data showed that PM in Barcelona was generated in a large proportion by vehicle traffic. Vehicle traffic PM, generated by combustion and noncombustion processes, should be considered in air pollution mitigation strategies in urban areas
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Epidemiology and Public Health (EPH) > Chronic Disease Epidemiology > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Sozial- und Präventivmedizin > Air Pollution and Health (Künzli)
UniBasel Contributors:Künzli, Nino
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Soc.
ISSN:0013-936X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:22
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:06

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