Cologne burn centre experience with assault burn injuries

Theodorou, P. and Spanholtz, T. A. and Amini, P. and Maurer, C. A. and Phan, T. Q. V. and Perbix, W. and Lefering, R. and Spilker, G.. (2009) Cologne burn centre experience with assault burn injuries. Burns : including thermal injury, Vol. 35. pp. 1152-1157.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006885

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate demographic and socioeconomic factors associated with assault burn injuries. BACKGROUND: Assault by burning demonstrates a rare but severe public health issue and accounts for unique injury characteristics in the burn intensive care unit (BICU). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving patients with thermal injuries admitted to the BICU of a university hospital. The patient cohort was divided into two groups (ABI group: patients with assault burns, n=41; Control group: population of all other burned patients admitted to the BICU, n=1202). Bivariate and multivariate analyses including demographic and socioeconomic data were used to identify factors associated with assault burns. RESULTS: Forty-one assault-related burn victims were identified in the study period. This represents 3.3% of all significant burns admitted. Comparing battery victims with the control population, assault patients were more likely to be young (mean age 36.2 years vs. 42.2 years) and immigrants (41.5% vs. 15.1%). Furthermore, marital status (65.9% vs. 40.8% singles), employment status (36.6% vs. 9.7% unemployed) and insurance status (41.5% vs. 12.3% social insurance) were significantly different in the bivariate analysis. Logistic regression evaluation identified three variables that were independently associated with assault burns: younger age (> or =25 years) (odds ratio, 2.54 [95% confidence interval, 1.29-5.02]; p=0.007), ethnic minority (odds ratio, 3.71 [95% confidence interval, 1.91-7.20]; p>0.001) and unemployment (odds ratio, 4.02 [95% confidence interval, 2.03-7.97]; p>0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The high incidence of youngsters, unemployment and the great proportion of immigrants in victims of assault might provide several opportunities for community-based psychosocial and occupational programs. A multidisciplinary approach targeting issues specific to the violent nature of the injury and the socioeconomic background of the victims be of benefit to improve their perspectives for rehabilitation.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Innere Organe
UniBasel Contributors:Maurer, Christoph A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:22
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:05

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