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Management of extensive subfoveal haemorrhage secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration

Sacu, S. and Stifter, E. and Vécsei-Marlovits, P. V. and Michels, S. and Schütze, C. and Prünte, C. and Schmidt-Erfurth, U.. (2009) Management of extensive subfoveal haemorrhage secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Eye : the scientific journal of the Royal College of Ophthalmologists, Vol. 23. pp. 1404-1410.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005832

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of subfoveal haemorrhages secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which were treated with intravitreal recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA)/gas and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drug or with an intravitreal anti-VEGF monotherapy. METHODS: This is a retrospective pilot study. Patients who received intravitreal rTPA/gas and anti-VEGF injections (n=20, bevacizumab or ranibizumab) were included in group A. Patients who refused prone positioning after rTPA/gas injections and were treated with an anti-VEGF monotherapy (bevacizumab) alone were included into group B (n=10). Changes in baseline visual acuity (VA, Snellen), central retinal thickness (CRT) and haemorrhage size were analysed. RESULTS: Mean baseline VA was 0.15+/-0.2 and 0.25+/-0.17 in groups A and B, respectively. At month 4, significant improvement in mean VA was observed in group A (mean difference: +0.1+/-0.14; P=0.003), and a stabilization in group B (mean difference: +0.008+/-0.2; P=0.94). CRT decreased significantly by 70 microm in group A (P=0.001) and by 84 microm in group B (P=0.03). The mean size of subfoveal haemorrhage in groups A and B was 20.2 mm(2) and 19.1 mm(2) at baseline and 0.0 mm(2) and 2.0 mm(2) at month 4, respectively. The anti-VEGF treatment rate was 1.6 in group A and 3.0 in group B. CONCLUSION: In patients with extensive subfoveal haemorrhage secondary to neovascular AMD, the combination therapy of rTPA/pneumatic displacement and anti-VEGF results in mean improvement of VA and stabilization of morphological parameters. If rTPA and pneumatic displacement combination is contraindicated, an anti-VEGF monotherapy may be performed to prevent further visual loss.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
UniBasel Contributors:Prünte, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Royal College of Ophthalmologists
ISSN:0950-222X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:22
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:02

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