Characteristics of severe intraocular inflammation following intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (Avastin)

Georgopoulos, M. and Polak, K. and Prager, F. and Prünte, C. and Schmidt-Erfurth, U.. (2009) Characteristics of severe intraocular inflammation following intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (Avastin). British journal of ophthalmology, Vol. 93. pp. 457-462.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005293

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BACKGROUND/AIMS: To report a series of severe intraocular inflammatory events following intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (Avastin). This procedure is performed on a rapidly increasing number worldwide, and rare complications such as intraocular inflammation, endophthalmitis or intraocular haemorrhage are gaining in importance in clinical routine. METHODS: This is a single-centre retrospective interventional case series of eight patients with severe intraocular inflammation after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab at one referral centre consecutively seen out of approximately a total of 2500 injections performed in that time period. Patients who developed severe intraocular inflammation after intravitreal injection were evaluated clinically, including slit-lamp examination, best-corrected Snellen visual acuity (VA), slit-lamp photography, optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography prior to the event and during follow-up. RESULTS: Patients noticed a painless drop in VA up to 2 days following the injection. All patients had a marked anterior chamber reaction with increased flare and cells, but no hypopyon. Typical posterior segment findings included vitreous cellular infiltrates of pseudogranulomatous aspect. Due to their initial clinical aspect suspicious of an endophthalmitis, three cases were treated with systemic antibiotics, but the final diagnosis was uveitis. Five cases showed a characteristic pseudogranulomatous vitreous infiltration as seen in vitritis and were treated only topically. CONCLUSIONS: Characteristic features of an inflammation induced by bevacizumab injection include an early onset with painless loss in VA mostly without conjunctival or ciliary injection. Patients respond to systemic or topical cortisone treatment with slow recovery but without permanent damage. Vitreous haemorrhage and infectious endophthalmitis might be differentiated by time course and symptoms.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Spezialfächer (Klinik) > Ophthalmologie USB
UniBasel Contributors:Prünte, Christian
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:22
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:02

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