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Covariation, co-occurrence and epiphenomenal correlation of empirically based syndromes in children and adolescents

Döpfner, Manfred and Plueck, Julia and Lehmkuhl, Gerd and Huss, Michael and Lenz, Klaus and Lehmkuhl, Ulrike and Poustka, Fritz and Schmeck, Klaus and Fegert, Joerg M.. (2009) Covariation, co-occurrence and epiphenomenal correlation of empirically based syndromes in children and adolescents. Psychopathology, 42 (3). pp. 177-184.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6004338

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: This paper determines the co-occurrence and correlations of different problem behaviours in children and adolescents in German clinical and general population samples. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The 2 samples were matched by age and gender (each sample n = 1,760). Including both categorical and dimensional models, rates of co-occurrence, relative risks, odds ratios and Pearson correlations were calculated. Results: The bidirectional comorbidity rates ranged from 7.3 to 34.3% (epidemiological sample) and from 22.5 to 54.8% (clinical sample). Most correlations between syndrome scales show medium or large effects. Many can be identified as 'epiphenomenal'; partial correlations from each pair, excluding influences of other syndromes, are much lower. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the cross-cultural generalizability of comorbidity rates. The epiphenomenal nature of some comorbidities warrants future attention.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie UPK > Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie (Schmeck)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie UPK > Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie (Schmeck)
UniBasel Contributors:Schmeck, Klaus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0254-4962
e-ISSN:1423-033X
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:24 Oct 2017 12:59
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:01

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