The septin cytoskeleton in myelinating glia

Buser, A. M. and Erne, B. and Werner, H. B. and Nave, K.-A. and Schaeren-Wiemers, N.. (2009) The septin cytoskeleton in myelinating glia. Molecular and cellular neuroscience : MCN, Vol. 40, H. 2. pp. 156-166.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5838854

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Myelin is organized in subdomains with distinct protein and lipid composition. How these domains are established and maintained is currently unknown. Cytoskeletal elements interacting with membrane components could generate and sustain such structural domains. Here, we demonstrate that the transmembrane myelin protein MAL interacts with the cytoskeleton protein septin 6. Septins represent a fourth filamentous system involved in membrane compartmentalization, vesicle transport and scaffold formation. We report that multiple septin complexes are associated with myelin, and that they display an overlapping but non-identical composition in the central and peripheral nervous system. The expression of distinct subsets of septins was upregulated during myelin formation in peripheral nerves and oligodendrocytes. In the PNS, septins were highly enriched in non-compact myelin compartments, particularly in the paranodal loops and the microvilli at the node of Ranvier. Importantly in myelin lacking Septin 6, the abundance of its closest homolog Sept11 was increased, suggesting a functional compensatory role. Our data demonstrate that the septin cytoskeleton is an integral component of the myelin sheath and interacts with distinct myelin constituents such as MAL. We suggest that septins are intriguing candidates for membrane compartmentalization in myelin internodes.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Neurobiology (Schaeren-Wiemers)
UniBasel Contributors:Schaeren-Wiemers, Nicole
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Academic Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:21
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:00

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