Understanding the Acid-Base Properties of Adenosine : the Intrinsic Basicities of N1, N3 and N7

Kapinos, L. E. and Operschall, B. P. and Larsen, E. and Sigel, H.. (2011) Understanding the Acid-Base Properties of Adenosine : the Intrinsic Basicities of N1, N3 and N7. Chemistry: a European journal, Vol. 17, H. 29. pp. 8156-8164.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6083344

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Adenosine (Ado) can accept three protons, at N1, N3, and N7, to give H3(Ado)3+, and thus has three macro acidity constants. Unfortunately, these constants do not reflect the real basicity of the N sites due to internal repulsions, for example, between (N1)H+ and (N7)H+. However, these macroconstants are still needed for the evaluations and the first two are taken from our own earlier work, that is, =−4.02 and =−1.53; the third one was re-measured as =3.64±0.02 (25 °C; I=0.5 M, NaNO3), because it is the main basis for evaluating the intrinsic basicities of N7 and N3. Previously, contradicting results had been published for the micro acidity constant of the (N7)H+ site; this constant has now been determined in an unequivocal manner, and that of the (N3)H+ site was obtained for the first time. The micro acidity constants, which describe the release of a proton from an (N)H+ site under conditions for which the other nitrogen atoms are free and do not carry a proton, decrease in the order =3.63±0.02 < =2.15±0.15 < =1.5±0.3, reflecting the decreasing basicity of the various nitrogen atoms, that is, N1<N7<N3. Application of the above-mentioned microconstants allows one to calculate the percentages (formation degrees) of the tautomers formed for monoprotonated adenosine, H(Ado)+, in aqueous solution; the results are 96.1, 3.2, and 0.7 % for N7(Ado)N1⋅H+, +H⋅N7(Ado)N1, and +H⋅N3(Ado)N1,N7, respectively. These results are in excellent agreement with theoretical DFT calculations. Evidently, H(Ado)+ exists to the largest part as N7(Ado)N1⋅H+ having the proton located at N1; the two other tautomers are minority species, but they still form. These results are not only meaningful for adenosine itself, but are also of relevance for nucleic acids and adenine nucleotides, as they help to understand their metal ion-binding properties; these aspects are briefly discussed.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie
UniBasel Contributors:Operschall, Bert P. and Sigel, Helmut and Kapinos Schneider, Larisa E. E
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:21
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:00

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