Formation of ternary complexes by coordination of (diethylenetriamine)-platinum(II) to N1 or N7 of the adenine moiety of the antiviral nucleotide analogue 9

Kampf, G. and Lüth, M. S. and Kapinos, L. E. and Müller, J. and Holý, A. and Lippert, B. and Sigel, H.. (2001) Formation of ternary complexes by coordination of (diethylenetriamine)-platinum(II) to N1 or N7 of the adenine moiety of the antiviral nucleotide analogue 9. Chemistry, Vol. 7, H. 9. pp. 1899-1908.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6083476

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The synthesis of (Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1), where Dien = diethylenetriamine and PMEA2- = dianion of 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy)ethyl]adenine, is described. The acidity constants of the threefold protonated H3[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1)]3+ complex were determined and in part estimated (UV spectrophotometry and potentiometric pH titration): The release of the proton from the (N7)H+ site in H4[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1)]3+ occurs with a rather low pKa (= 0.52+/-0.10). The release of the proton from the -P(O)2(OH) group (pKa = 6.69+/-0.03) in H[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1)]+ is only slightly affected by the N1-coordinated (Dien)Pt2+ unit. Comparison with the acidic properties of the H[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N7)]+ species provides evidence that in the (Dien)Pt(PMEA-N7) complex in aqueous solution an intramolecular, outer-sphere macrochelate is formed through hydrogen bonds between the -PO3(2-) residue of PMEA2- and a PtII-coordinated (Dien)NH2 group; its formation degree amounts to about 40%. The stability constants of the M[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1)]2+ complexes with M2+ = Mg2+, Ca2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ were measured by potentiometric pH titrations in aqueous solution at 25 degrees C and I = 0.1 M (NaNO3). Application of previously determined straight-line plots of log K(M(R-PO3))M versus pK(H(R-PO3)H for simple phosph(on)ate ligands. R-PO3(2-), where R represents a non-inhibiting residue without an affinity for metal ions, proves that the primary binding site of (Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1) is the phosphonate group with all metal ions studied; in fact, Mg2+, Ca2+ and Ni2+ coordinate (within the error limits) only to this site. For the Cu[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1)]2+ and Zn[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1)]2- systems also the formation of five-membered chelates involving the ether oxygen of the -CH2-O-CH2-PO3(2-) residue could be detected; the formation degrees are about 60% and 30%, respectively. The metal-ion-binding properties of the isomeric (Dien)Pt(PMEA-N7) species studied previously differ in so far that the resulting M[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N7)]2+ complexes are somewhat less stable, but again Cu2+ and Zn2+ also form with this ligand comparable amounts of the mentioned five-membered chelates. In contrast, both M[(Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1/N7)]2+ complexes differ from the parent M(PMEA) complexes considerably; in the latter instance the formation of the five-membered chelates is of significance for all divalent metal ions studied. The observation that divalent metal-ion binding to the phosphonate group of (Dien)Pt(PMEA-N1) and (Dien)Pt(PMEA-N7) is only moderately inhibited (about 0.2-0.4 log units) by the twofold positively charged (Dien)Pt2+ unit at the adenine residue allows the general conclusion, considering that PMEA is a nucleotide analogue, that this is also true for nucleotides and that consequently participation of, for example, two metal ions in an enzymatic process involving nucleotides is not seriously hampered by charge repulsion.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie
UniBasel Contributors:Kapinos Schneider, Larisa E. E
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:21
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:00

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