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Effects of weight loss induced by bariatric surgery on hepatic adipocytokine expression

Moschen, Alexander R. and Molnar, Clemens and Wolf, Anna Maria and Weiss, Helmut and Graziadei, Ivo and Kaser, Susanne and Ebenbichler, Christoph F. and Stadlmann, Sylvia and Moser, Patrizia L. and Tilg, Herbert. (2009) Effects of weight loss induced by bariatric surgery on hepatic adipocytokine expression. Journal of hepatology : journal of the European Association for the Study of the Liver, Vol. 51. pp. 765-777.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005098

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adipocytokines play a key role in the pathophysiology of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Whereas adiponectin has mainly anti-inflammatory functions, leptin, resistin and pre-B cell enhancing factor (PBEF)/Nampt/visfatin are considered as mainly pro-inflammatory mediators regulating metabolic and immune processes. METHODS: We prospectively examined the effect of weight loss on systemic levels and/or hepatic expression of adiponectin/adiponectin receptors, leptin/leptin receptors, resistin and PBEF/Nampt/visfatin. Severely obese patients underwent laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LABG) and serum samples (n=30) were collected before, and after 6 and 12 months. Paired liver biopsies (before and 6 months after LABG) were obtained from 18 patients. RESULTS: Bariatric surgery improved insulin resistance, abnormal liver function tests and liver histology. Pronounced weight loss after 6 and 12 months was accompanied by a significant increase in serum adiponectin levels whereas both leptin and PBEF/Nampt/visfatin levels decreased. Resistin serum levels increased after 6 months but fell below baseline values after 12 months. Liver mRNA expression of adiponectin increased slightly after 6 months whereas leptin mRNA expression did not change. Interestingly, weight loss resulted in a significant decrease of hepatic mRNA expression of resistin, PBEF/Nampt/visfatin and both leptin receptor isoforms while expression of type 1 and 2 adiponectin receptor was not affected. Liver immunohistochemistry performed on index and follow-up liver biopsies revealed an increase in adiponectin staining, showed no effect on resistin/leptin positivity, and demonstrated a decrease in PBEF/Nampt/visfatin immunoreactivity. CONCLUSIONS: Weight loss after LABG surgery drives the adipocytokine milieu towards a more anti-inflammatory direction both systemically and in the liver.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Pathologie USB
UniBasel Contributors:Stadlmann, Sylvia
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0168-8278
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:24 May 2013 09:21
Deposited On:24 May 2013 09:00

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