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Intra-individual comparison of human ankle and knee chondrocytes in vitro: relevance for talar cartilage repair

Candrian, C. and Bonacina, E. and Frueh, J. A. and Vonwil, D. and Dickinson, S. and Wirz, D. and Heberer, M. and Jakob, M. and Martin, I. and Barbero, A.. (2009) Intra-individual comparison of human ankle and knee chondrocytes in vitro: relevance for talar cartilage repair. Osteoarthritis and cartilage, Vol. 17. pp. 489-496.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006194

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: As compared to knee chondrocytes (KC), talar chondrocytes (TC) have superior synthetic activity and increased resistance to catabolic stimuli. We investigated whether these properties are maintained after TC are isolated and expanded in vitro. METHODS: Human TC and KC from 10 cadavers were expanded in monolayer and then cultured in pellets for 3 and 14 days or in hyaluronan meshes (Hyaff-11) for 14 and 28 days. Resulting tissues were assessed biochemically, histologically, biomechanically and by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The proteoglycan and collagen synthesis rates in the pellets were also measured following exposure to Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta). RESULTS: After 14 days of pellet culture, TC and KC expressed similar levels of type I collagen (CI) and type II collagen (CII) mRNA and the resulting tissues contained comparable amounts of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) and displayed similar staining intensities for CII. Also proteoglycan and collagen synthesis were similar in TC and KC pellets, and dropped to a comparable extent in response to IL-1 beta. Following 14 days of culture in Hyaff-11, TC and KC generated tissues with similar amounts of GAG and CI and CII. After 28 days, KC deposited significantly larger fractions of GAG and CII than TC, although the trend was not reflected in the measured biomechanical properties. CONCLUSION: After isolation from their original matrices and culture expansion, TC and KC displayed similar biosynthetic activities, even in the presence of catabolic stimuli. These in vitro data suggest a possible equivalence of TC and KC as autologous cell sources for the repair of talar cartilage lesions.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Tissue Engineering (Martin)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Bewegungsapparat und Integument > Traumatologie / Orthopädie (Jakob)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Operative Fächer (Klinik) > Bewegungsapparat und Integument > Traumatologie / Orthopädie (Jakob)
UniBasel Contributors:Heberer, Michael and Martin, Ivan and Jakob, Marcel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Saunders
ISSN:1063-4584
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:English
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:52
Deposited On:26 Apr 2013 06:59

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