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Altered expression of miR-17-5p in CD4+ lymphocytes of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients

Lindberg, Raija L. P. and Hoffmann, Francine and Mehling, Matthias and Kuhle, Jens and Kappos, Ludwig. (2010) Altered expression of miR-17-5p in CD4+ lymphocytes of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. European journal of immunology, Vol. 40, H. 3. pp. 888-898.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6003611

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Abstract

MicroRNA (miRNA) are a class of post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression targeting mRNA for translational repression and/or degradation. We analyzed the expression of 365 miRNA in lymphocytes in relapsing-remitting MS patients, and show the first evidence for distinct miRNA expression profiles in CD4(+), CD8(+) and B cells in MS when compared with those in healthy volunteers. MiR-17-5p, which is involved in autoimmunity, was up-regulated in CD4(+) cells from MS patients. This was correlated with alterations in the expression of potential target genes of miR-17-5p, i.e. phosphatase and tensin homology and phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1, which were down-regulated upon stimulation of CD4(+) cells with anti-CD3/CD28 in vitro. Functional experiments with a synthetic inhibitor of miR-17 supported the link between miRNA expression and the altered target gene expression. Moreover, we found distinct responses of deregulated miRNA to stimulation, i.e. miR-17-5p and miR-193a were strongly up-regulated, in contrast to the down-regulation of miR-497, miR-1 and miR-126. Other deregulated miRNA did not respond to the stimulation probably due to other, non-T-cell activation related, mechanisms in their mode of action. Our findings support the role of miRNA-dependent regulatory mechanisms in the immunopathogenesis of MS.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Clinical Neuroimmunology (Derfuss/Lindberg)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Neurologie > Neuroimmunologie (Kappos)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Neurologie > Neuroimmunologie (Kappos)
UniBasel Contributors:Kappos, Ludwig and Lindberg Gasser, Raija L.P.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Verl. Chemie
ISSN:0014-2980
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:26 Apr 2013 07:02
Deposited On:26 Apr 2013 06:57

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