Expression of regulated secretory proteins is sufficient to generate granule-like structures in constitutively secreting cells

Beuret, N. and Stettler, H. and Renold, A. and Rutishauser, J. and Spiess, M.. (2004) Expression of regulated secretory proteins is sufficient to generate granule-like structures in constitutively secreting cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 279, H. 19. pp. 20242-20249.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5258045

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The formation of secretory granules and regulated secretion are generally assumed to occur only in specialized endocrine, neuronal, or exocrine cells. We discovered that regulated secretory proteins such as the hormone precursors pro-vasopressin, pro-oxytocin, and pro-opiomelanocortin, as well as the granins secretogranin II and chromogranin B but not the constitutive secretory protein alpha(1)-protease inhibitor, accumulate in granular structures at the Golgi and in the cell periphery in transfected COS-1 fibroblast cells. The accumulations were observed in 30-70% of the transfected cells expressing the pro-hormones and for virtually all of the cells expressing the granins. Similar structures were also generated in other cell lines believed to be lacking a regulated secretory pathway. The accumulations resembled secretory granules morphologically in immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. They were devoid of markers of the endoplasmic reticulum, endosomes, and lysosomes but in part stained positive for the trans-Golgi network marker TGN46, consistent with their formation at the trans-Golgi network. When different regulated proteins were coexpressed, they were frequently found in the same granules, whereas alpha(1)-protease inhibitor could not be detected in accumulations formed by secretogranin II, demonstrating segregation of regulated from constitutive secretory proteins. In pulse-chase experiments, significant intracellular storage of secretogranin II and chromogranin B was observed and secretion of retained secretogranin II was stimulated with the calcium ionophore A23187. The results suggest that expression of regulated cargo proteins is sufficient to generate structures that resemble secretory granules in the background of constitutively secreting cells, supporting earlier proposals on the mechanism of granule formation.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Growth & Development > Biochemistry (Spiess)
UniBasel Contributors:Spiess, Martin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:19

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