Essential role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma in eosinophil chemotaxis within acute pulmonary inflammation

Thomas, Matthew and Edwards, Matthew J. and Sawicka, Elzbieta and Duggan, Nicholas and Hirsch, Emilio and Wymann, Matthias P. and Owen, Charles and Trifilieff, Alexandre and Walker, Christoph and Westwick, John and Finan, Peter. (2009) Essential role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma in eosinophil chemotaxis within acute pulmonary inflammation. Immunology : an official journal of the British Society for Immunology, Vol. 126. pp. 413-422.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6003663

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We and others have established an important role for phosphoinositide-3 kinase gamma (PI3Kgamma) in the chemotactic responses of macrophages and neutrophils. The involvement of this lipid kinase in allergic inflammatory responses is, however, yet to be fully determined. Here we compare wild-type (WT) and PI3Kgamma(-/-) (KO) mice within a model of ovalbumin (OVA) -specific pulmonary inflammation. Upon OVA aerosol challenge, cell influx into the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid consisted of neutrophils, macrophages and, more significantly, eosinophils - which are key effector cells in allergic inflammation. Each population was reduced by up to 80% in KO mice, demonstrating a role for PI3Kgamma in cell infiltration into the airways. The mechanism of reduced eosinophilia was analysed within both development and effector stages of the immune response. Comparable levels of OVA-specific T-cell proliferation and immunoglobulin production were established in both strains. Furthermore, no significant differences between WT and KO chemokine production were observed. Having identified the critical point of PI3Kgamma involvement, KO eosinophil chemotactic dysfunction was confirmed in vitro. These data are the first to demonstrate the vital role of PI3Kgamma in acute allergic inflammation. The profound dependency of eosinophils on PI3Kgamma for pulmonary influx identifies this lipid kinase as an attractive target for the pharmacological intervention of asthma.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Biochemistry and Genetics > Cancer- and Immunobiology (Wymann)
UniBasel Contributors:Wymann, Matthias P.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Mar 2013 11:14
Deposited On:01 Mar 2013 11:12

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