Epigenetic control of transposon transcription and mobility in Arabidopsis

Bucher, E. and Reinders, J. and Mirouze, M.. (2012) Epigenetic control of transposon transcription and mobility in Arabidopsis. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, Vol. 15, H. 5. pp. 503-510.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6070622

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The mobility of genetic elements called transposable elements (TEs) was discovered half a century ago by Barbara McClintock. Although she had recognized them as chromosomal controlling elements, for much of the consequent time TEs were primarily considered as parasites of the host genome. However the recent explosion of discoveries in the fields of genomics and epigenetics have unambiguously shown the importance of TEs in genome function and evolution. Bursts of endogenous TEs have been reported in plants with epigenetic misregulation, revealing the molecular mechanisms underlying their control. We review here the different steps in TE invasion of the host genome involving epigenetic control and environmental stress responses. As TEs propagate in plant genomes and attract epigenetic marks, their neo-insertions can lead to the formation of new, heritable epigenetic variants (epialleles) of genes in their vicinity and impact on host gene regulatory networks. The epigenetic interplay between TE and genes thus plays a crucial role in the TE-host co-evolution.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Umweltwissenschaften > Pflanzenphysiologie Pathogenabwehr (Boller)
UniBasel Contributors:Bucher, Etienne
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Elsevier Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Mar 2013 11:13
Deposited On:01 Mar 2013 11:07

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