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EEG : a helpful tool in the prediction of psychosis

Gschwandtner, Ute and Pflueger, Marlon O. and Semenin, Vitaliy and Gaggiotti, Manuela and Riecher-Rössler, Anita and Fuhr, Peter. (2009) EEG : a helpful tool in the prediction of psychosis. European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience : official organ of the German Society for Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 259. pp. 257-262.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006218

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: EEG investigation in patients with an at risk mental state (ARMS) for psychosis and patients with a first episode of psychosis (FE) in comparison to healthy controls (HC) in a clinical follow up study of Early Detection of Psychosis. METHOD: Seventy-three patients (42 ARMS, 31 FE) and 35 HC were investigated. ARMS patients were followed up in order to monitor transition to psychosis. Psychopathology was assessed with respect to positive and negative symptoms. At study baseline EEG was recorded using the 10/20 system. Two blinded neurologists analyzed the EEGs visually for presence of generalized or focal slowing and epileptiform discharges. EEG data were controlled for medication and substance abuse. For statistical analyses we used chi(2)-tests, logistic regression, ANOVA, and receiver operating characteristics. RESULTS: Patients showed significantly more pathological EEG abnormalities than HC (P > 0.05), located more frequently in temporal or fronto-temporal regions (P > 0.01) of the brain, with twice as many pathologies in ARMS than in FE patients. The specificity of the prediction of psychosis could be increased from 59 to 73% by considering EEG pathology in addition to psychopathology alone. In contrast, sensitivity of prediction remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that EEG investigation in patients at risk for psychosis can add to the identification of those patients who will not develop psychosis later on.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Neurologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Neurologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Lang)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Lang)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Psychiatrie (Klinik) > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie UPK > Erwachsenenpsychiatrie (Riecher-Rössler)
UniBasel Contributors:Fuhr, Peter and Riecher-Rössler, Anita and Gschwandtner, Ute
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0940-1334
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:46
Deposited On:01 Feb 2013 08:45

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