Isolation and characterization of dominant and recessive IL-3-independent hematopoietic transformants

Kiser, K. F. and Colombi, M. and Moroni, C.. (2006) Isolation and characterization of dominant and recessive IL-3-independent hematopoietic transformants. Oncogene, Vol. 25, H. 50. pp. 6595-6603.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257868

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Retroviral integration mutagenesis and treatment with the frameshift mutagen ICR191 were used to transform v-H-ras expressing PB-3c cells to interleukin-3 (IL-3) independence. Six clones displayed viral integrations into the 3' region of the IL-3 gene thus acting post-transcriptionally by disrupting the AU-rich instability element. Two clones contained reverse orientation integration into the raf-1 gene revealing an enhancer insertion mechanism. Growth by this mechanism was sensitive to the Raf-1 inhibitor BAY 43-9006 and the Mek inhibitor U0126. Following treatment with ICR191, IL-3-independent clones were recovered and studied by cell fusion. With 21/22 clones, IL-3 independence resulted from a recessive mechanism as cellular hybrids with parental cells reverted to IL-3 dependence. Recessive clone D2c displayed increased phospho-Erk1/2 levels and was growth sensitive to U0126, but not to BAY43-9006. The single dominant clone, D5a, showed no signs of mitogen-activated protein kinases pathway activation but displayed constitutive phosphorylation of Stat5. We conclude that PB-3c has several options to acquire IL-3 growth autonomy involving transcriptional or post-transcriptional mechanisms affecting the distal regulators Erk or Stat5. The reported panel of independent dominant and recessive transformants should provide a useful tool for inhibitor profiling.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Growth and Development (Moroni)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Former Units at DBM > Growth and Development (Moroni)
UniBasel Contributors:Moroni, Christoph
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:19

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