Profile of adults with congenital heart disease having a good, moderate, or poor quality of life : a cluster analytic study

Moons, Philip and Van Deyk, Kristien and Marquet, Kristel and De Bleser, Leentje and De Geest, Sabina and Budts, Werner. (2009) Profile of adults with congenital heart disease having a good, moderate, or poor quality of life : a cluster analytic study. European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology, Vol. 8. pp. 151-157.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6003916

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AIMS: The purpose of the study was to assess the profile of adult patients with congenital heart disease who reported a good, moderate, or poor quality of life. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a large-scale quality-of-life study that included 627 patients. Demographic and clinical variables were retrieved from the medical records and functional status from patient interviews. Overall quality of life was measured using a Linear Analogue Scale. Using K-means cluster analysis, we categorized subjects into a 3-cluster solution: good, moderate, or poor quality of life. RESULTS: Four hundred ninety patients (78.1%) clustered into the good quality-of-life category; 126 patients (20.1%) clustered into the moderate quality-of-life category; and 11 patients (1.8%) clustered into the poor quality-of-life category. Poorer quality of life was associated with lower educational level, unemployment or disability, associated syndromes, instability of the heart disease, and a poorer functional status. CONCLUSION: Over three-quarters of the patients had a good quality of life, whereas only a small proportion had a poor quality of life. Specific demographic and clinical characteristics associated with a poor quality of life could assists in identifying patients at risk for developing a poor quality of life.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Public Health > Institut für Pflegewissenschaft
UniBasel Contributors:De Geest, Sabina M.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:01 Feb 2013 08:46
Deposited On:01 Feb 2013 08:41

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