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Hydrothermal Treatment of a Hematite Film Leads to Highly Oriented Faceted Nanostructures with Enhanced Photocurrents

Bora, Debajeet K. and Braun, Artur and Erni, Rolf and Fortunato, Giuseppino and Graule, Thomas and Constable, Edwin C.. (2011) Hydrothermal Treatment of a Hematite Film Leads to Highly Oriented Faceted Nanostructures with Enhanced Photocurrents. Chemistry of Materials, 23 (8). pp. 2051-2061.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6056204

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Abstract

A simple one-pot hydrothermal method is described for conveying a dipcoatec hematite nano particle film into an array of nanorods with superimposed flowerlike structures suitable for water splitting in photoelectrochemical cells. The hydrothermal treatment of the dip-coated hematite film with FeCl(3) 6H(2)O and L-arginite enchances the photocurrent by a factor of 2. It has been found that hydrothermal treatment changes the optical properties of the pristenen hematite film, but the energy band gap (Eg) does not change significantly to show some electronic effect. X-ray diffractograms of pristine and hydrothermally modified films reveal evolution fo preferential orientations and textures. Electron micrographs show that the particles are more prismatic after modification with a size of around 40nm x 200 nm. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy valence-band spectra point at a depletion of the spectrall intensity near the Fermi energy upon hydrothermal modification. The photocurrent density of the pristine film reached 218 mu A/cm(2) after 48 h of hydrothermal treatment, and this increase was found to be due to the high specfic surface area of the modified film and changes in the optical properties of the pristene film after hydrothermal treatment.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Anorganische Chemie (Constable)
UniBasel Contributors:Constable, Edwin Charles
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0897-4756
e-ISSN:1520-5002
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Identification Number:
Last Modified:08 May 2017 07:17
Deposited On:01 Feb 2013 08:40

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