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Endocytosis, recycling, and lysosomal delivery of brush border hydrolases in cultured human intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2)

Matter, K. and Stieger, B. and Klumperman, J. and Ginsel, L. and Hauri, H. P.. (1990) Endocytosis, recycling, and lysosomal delivery of brush border hydrolases in cultured human intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2). Journal of biological chemistry, Vol. 265 , no. 6. pp. 3503-3512.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257815

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Abstract

Lysosomes of intestinal epithelial cells in vivo and in culture display strong immunoreactivity with monoclonal antibodies against various brush border enzymes as visualized by immunoelectron microscopy. Novel subcellular fractionation procedures were developed to study, by the pulse-chase technique and by internalization assays, the pathway along which two microvillar hydrolases, sucrase-isomaltase and dipeptidylpeptidase IV, are transported to lysosomes in the differentiated colon adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2. 7-9% of metabolically labeled sucrase-isomaltase of dipeptidylpeptidase IV were present in lysosomes after 7-8 h of chase as intact complex-glycosylated molecules. Appearance of these enzymes in lysosomes was biphasic. Endocytosis studies with radioiodinated antienzyme monoclonal antibodies (monovalent antigen-binding fragments) and by means of cell surface iodination revealed only slow transport of the enzymes to lysosomes at a low level. However, both enzymes were internalized with different efficiencies and recycled to the cell surface via endosomes. These results suggest that in Caco-2 cells a significant amount of newly synthesized sucrase-isomaltase and dipeptidylpeptidase IV is directly imported into lysosomes bypassing the brush border membrane.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hauri)
UniBasel Contributors:Hauri, Hans-Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
ISSN:0021-9258
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:19

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