Intracellular transport and conformational maturation of intestinal brush border hydrolases

Matter, K. and Hauri, H. P.. (1991) Intracellular transport and conformational maturation of intestinal brush border hydrolases. Biochemistry, Vol. 30, H. 7. pp. 1916-1923.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257808

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Brush border hydrolases of the differentiated intestinal cell line Caco-2 are transported to the microvillar membrane at different rates. This asynchronism is due to at least two rate-limiting events, a pre- and an intra-Golgi step. The retardation of sucrase-isomaltase, a slowly migrating hydrolase, versus dipeptidylpeptidase IV, a rapidly transported enzyme, is neither due to differential trimming of N-linked carbohydrates nor due to oligomerization. In this study, the conformational maturation of biosynthetically labeled sucrase-isomaltase and dipeptidylpeptidase IV was probed by conformation-specific antibodies and proteases. These assays enabled us to correlate the conformational maturation of the two enzymes with their rates of transport. Furthermore, two naturally occurring mutants of sucrase-isomaltase with impaired intracellular transport displayed an immature conformation. It is proposed that differential kinetics of folding might be the underlying cause for both the pre- and the intra-Golgi steps of asynchronous intracellular transport. Furthermore, a proper tertiary structure might be a prerequisite for sucrase-isomaltase to leave the Golgi apparatus.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hauri)
UniBasel Contributors:Hauri, Hans-Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:19

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