Climp-63-mediated binding of microtubules to the ER affects the lateral mobility of translocon complexes

Nikonov, A. V. and Hauri, H. -P. and Lauring, B. and Kreibich, G.. (2007) Climp-63-mediated binding of microtubules to the ER affects the lateral mobility of translocon complexes. Journal of cell science, Vol. 120, H. 13. pp. 2248-2258.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257739

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Microtubules are frequently seen in close proximity to membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the membrane protein CLIMP-63 is thought to mediate specific interaction between these two structures. It was, therefore, of interest to investigate whether these microtubules are in fact responsible for the highly restricted lateral mobility of the translocon complexes in M3/18 cells as described before. As determined by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, the breakdown of microtubules caused by drug treatment or by overexpression of the microtubule-severing protein spastin, resulted in an increased lateral mobility of the translocons that are assembled into polysomes. Also, the expression of a CLIMP-63 mutant lacking the microtubule-binding domain resulted in a significant increase of the lateral mobility of the translocon complexes. The most striking increase in the diffusion rate of the translocon complexes was observed in M3/18 cells transfected with a siRNA that effectively knocked down the expression of the endogenous CLIMP-63. It appears, therefore, that interaction of microtubules with the ER results in the immobilization of translocon complexes that are part of membrane-bound polysomes, and may play a role in the mechanism that segregates the rough and smooth domains of the ER.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Pharmacology/Neurobiology (Hauri)
UniBasel Contributors:Hauri, Hans-Peter
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Company of Biologists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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