2D crystallization of membrane proteins : rationales and examples

Hasler, L. and Heymann, J. B. and Engel, A. and Kistler, J. and Walz, T.. (1998) 2D crystallization of membrane proteins : rationales and examples. Journal of Structural Biology, Vol. 121, H. 2. pp. 162-171.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257690

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The difficulty in crystallizing channel proteins in three dimensions limits the use of X-ray crystallography in solving their structures. In contrast, the amphiphilic character of integral membrane proteins promotes their integration into artificial lipid bilayers. Protein-protein interactions may lead to ordering of the proteins within the lipid bilayer into two-dimensional crystals that are amenable to structural studies by electron crystallography and atomic force microscopy. While reconstitution of membrane proteins with lipids is readily achieved, the mechanisms for crystal formation during or after reconstitution are not well understood. The nature of the detergent and lipid as well as pH and counter-ions is known to influence the crystal type and quality. Protein-protein interactions may also promote crystal stacking and aggregation of the sheet-like crystals, posing problems in data collection. Although highly promising, the number of well-studied examples is still too small to draw conclusions that would be applicable to any membrane protein of interest. Here we discuss parameters influencing the outcome of two-dimensional crystallization trials using prominent examples of channel protein crystals and highlight areas where further improvements to crystallization protocols can be made.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Structural Biology (Engel)
UniBasel Contributors:Engel, Andreas H
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Academic Press
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:20
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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