Cidofovir inhibits polyomavirus BK replication in human renal tubular cells downstream of viral early gene expression

Bernhoff, E. and Gutteberg, T. J. and Sandvik, K. and Hirsch, H. H. and Rinaldo, C. H.. (2008) Cidofovir inhibits polyomavirus BK replication in human renal tubular cells downstream of viral early gene expression. American journal of transplantation, Vol. 8. pp. 1413-1422.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6003489

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The human polyomavirus BK (BKV) causes nephropathy and hemorrhagic cystitis in kidney and bone marrow transplant patients, respectively. The anti-viral cidofovir (CDV) has been used in small case series but the effects on BKV replication are unclear, since polyomaviruses do not encode viral DNA polymerases. We investigated the effects of CDV on BKV(Dunlop) replication in primary human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (RPTECs). CDV inhibited the generation of viral progeny in a dose-dependent manner yielding a 90% reduction at 40 microg/mL. Early steps such as receptor binding and entry seemed unaffected. Initial large T-antigen transcription and expression were also unaffected, but subsequent intra-cellular BKV DNA replication was reduced by <90%. Late viral mRNA and corresponding protein levels were also 90% reduced. In uninfected RPTECs, CDV 40 microg/mL reduced cellular DNA replication and metabolic activity by 7% and 11% in BrdU and WST-1 assays, respectively. BKV infection increased DNA replication to 142% and metabolic activity to 116%, respectively, which were reduced by CDV 40 microg/mL to levels of uninfected untreated RPTECs. Our results show that CDV inhibits BKV DNA replication downstream of large T-antigen expression and involves significant host cell toxicity. This should be considered in current treatment and drug development.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Division of Medical Microbiology > Transplantation Virology (Hirsch)
UniBasel Contributors:Hirsch, Hans H.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:14

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