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Optimization of imaging before pulmonary vein isolation by radiofrequency ablation : breath-held ungated versus ECG/breath-gated MRA

Allgayer, C. and Zellweger, M. J. and Sticherling, C. and Haller, S. and Weber, O. and Buser, P. T. and Bremerich, J.. (2008) Optimization of imaging before pulmonary vein isolation by radiofrequency ablation : breath-held ungated versus ECG/breath-gated MRA. European radiology, Vol. 18. pp. 2879-2884.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6005544

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Abstract

Isolation of the pulmonary veins has emerged as a new therapy for atrial fibrillation. Pre-procedural magnetic resonance (MR) imaging enhances safety and efficacy; moreover, it reduces radiation exposure of the patients and interventional team. The purpose of this study was to optimize the MR protocol with respect to image quality and acquisition time. In 31 patients (23-73 years), the anatomy of the pulmonary veins, left atrium and oesophagus was assessed on a 1.5-Tesla scanner with four different sequences: (1) ungated two-dimensional true fast imaging with steady precession (2D-TrueFISP), (2) ECG/breath-gated 3D-TrueFISP, (3) ungated breath-held contrast-enhanced three-dimensional turbo fast low-angle shot (CE-3D-tFLASH), and (4) ECG/breath-gated CE-3D-TrueFISP. Image quality was scored from 1 (structure not visible) to 5 (excellent visibility), and the acquisition time was monitored. The pulmonary veins and left atrium were best visualized with CE-3D-tFLASH (scores 4.50 +/- 0.52 and 4.59 +/- 0.43) and ECG/breath-gated CE-3D-TrueFISP (4.47 +/- 0.49 and 4.63 +/- 0.39). Conspicuity of the oesophagus was optimal with CE-3D-TrueFISP and 2D-TrueFISP (4.59 +/- 0.35 and 4.19 +/- 0.46) but poor with CE-3D-tFLASH (1.03 +/- 0.13) (p > 0.05). Acquisition times were shorter for 2D-TrueFISP (44 +/- 1 s) and CE-3D-tFLASH (345 +/- 113 s) compared with ECG/breath-gated 3D-TrueFISP (634 +/- 197 s) and ECG/breath-gated CE-3D-TrueFISP (636 +/- 230 s) (p > 0.05). In conclusion, an MR imaging protocol comprising CE-3D-tFLASH and 2D-TrueFISP allows assessment of the pulmonary veins, left atrium and oesophagus in less than 7 min and can be recommended for pre-procedural imaging before electric isolation of pulmonary veins.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Medizinische Radiologie (Steinbrich)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Querschnittsfächer (Klinik) > Medizinische Radiologie (Steinbrich)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Kardiologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Kardiologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Kardiologie > Kardiologie (Buser)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Kardiologie > Kardiologie (Buser)
UniBasel Contributors:Buser, Peter and Bremerich, Jens and Sticherling, Christian and Zellweger, Michael J.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:13

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