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Schistosoma mansoni: antischistosomal activity of the four optical isomers and the two racemates of mefloquine on schistosomula and adult worms in vitro and in vivo

Manneck, T. and Braissant, O. and Ellis, W. and Keiser, J.. (2011) Schistosoma mansoni: antischistosomal activity of the four optical isomers and the two racemates of mefloquine on schistosomula and adult worms in vitro and in vivo. Experimental parasitology : EP, Vol. 127, H. 1. pp. 260-269.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002339

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Abstract

Recent studies have shown that mefloquine (MQ) reveals interesting antischistosomal properties. We examined the antischistosomal activities of the erythro and threo isomers and racemates of MQ on newly transformed schistosomula (NTS) and adult Schistosoma mansoniin vitro and in mice harbouring adult S. mansoni. The in vitro effects in the presence and absence of haemin were monitored by means of microcalorimetry, scanning electron microscopy and phenotypic evaluation. Incubation of NTS with the erythro derivatives at concentrations of 3 mug/ml and above resulted in convulsions, granularity, decrease in heat flow, and death while NTS incubated with the threo derivatives were only affected at high concentrations (100 mug/ml). Extensive tegumental alterations, decrease in metabolic activity, viability, and death were observed when adult schistosomes had been exposed to 10 mug/ml of the erythro compounds. Moderate tegumental and viability changes but reduced heat production rates were observed with the threo derivatives at 10 mug/ml. In the presence of haemin, all MQ derivatives showed pronounced antischistosomal properties against adult S. mansoni in vitro. In vivo, MQ derivatives achieved statistically significant total and female worm burden reductions ranging between 65.4% and 100%. The highest total worm burden reductions of 93.4% and 90.2% were observed following treatment with the erythro and threo racemates, respectively. In conclusion, the optical isomers and racemates of MQ show only moderate stereoselectivity, in particular in vivo. Our results may enhance our understanding of the mechanism of action and therapeutic profile of MQ derivates on schistosomes
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Pharmakologie
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Klinische Pharmakologie
09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Helminth Drug Development (Keiser)
UniBasel Contributors:Manneck, Theresia and Keiser, Jennifer
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Academic Press
ISSN:0014-4894
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:12

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