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Exposition gegenüber HIV, Hepatitis B und C in Praxis und Spital : Vorbeugung und Post-Expositionsprophylaxe

Gruber, V. and Cavassini, M. and Battegay, M. and Boffi El Amari, E. and Tarr, P. E.. (2008) Exposition gegenüber HIV, Hepatitis B und C in Praxis und Spital : Vorbeugung und Post-Expositionsprophylaxe. Swiss medical forum = Schweizerisches Medizin-Forum, Vol. 8. pp. 650-655.

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Abstract

Exposure to HIV, hepatitis B and C in office practice
and hospital. Prevention and post-exposure prophylaxis. The risk of infection after an occupational needle stick injury with blood from an infected source patient is approximately 0.3% for HIV and 0.5% for hepatitis C virus (HCV). In Switzerland no cases of occupational HBV infection have been recorded in fully vaccinated persons with a documented adequate vaccine response (HBsantibody titer >100 mIU/mL). Most occupational HIV und HBV infections can be prevented by appropriate emergency measures and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). No HCV-PEP is currently available. Early therapy with peginterferon and ribavirin should be considered in cases of occupational HCV seroconversion. Every hospital and office practice should establish a system for 24 h/24 h emergency management of occupational needle stick injuries. In the setting of an HIV-seropositive source patient and in complex situations,
early consultation with a specialist in occupational medicine or infectious diseases should be considered.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Infektiologie > Infektiologie (Battegay M)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Infektiologie > Infektiologie (Battegay M)
UniBasel Contributors:Battegay, Manuel E.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:EMH Schweizerischer Aerzte-Verlag
ISSN:1424-3784
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Language:German
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Last Modified:31 Dec 2015 10:50
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:09

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