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Respiratory viruses in HIV-infected patients with suspected respiratory opportunistic infection

Garbino, J. and Inoubli, S. and Mossdorf, E. and Weber, R. and Tamm, M. and Soccal, P. and Aubert, J. D. and Bridevaux, P. O. and Tapparel, C. and Kaiser, L. and the Swiss HIV Cohort Study, . (2008) Respiratory viruses in HIV-infected patients with suspected respiratory opportunistic infection. AIDS, Vol. 22. pp. 701-705.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006635

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and epidemiological pattern of respiratory viruses in HIV-infected patients and to evaluate their potential clinical impact. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective population-based cohort study was conducted at three Swiss university hospitals. Study participants were HIV-infected patients who underwent a bronchoalveolar lavage to rule out an opportunistic event. All bronchoalveolar lavage specimens were screened using a set of real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assays targeting 17 different respiratory viruses. RESULTS: Between November 2003 and November 2006, 59 bronchoalveolar episodes from 55 HIV-infected patients were analysed. Eleven of 59 episodes (18.6%) were positive for at least one respiratory virus. Coronavirus OC43 was identified in three cases (27.3%) followed by influenza A in two (18.2%). Parainfluenza virus (PIV) 2, PIV 3, PIV 4, bocavirus, human rhinovirus A and human metapneumovirus were each identified in one case (9%). In the majority of these cases (63.6%) no other concomitant microorganism was isolated. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical investigation of respiratory viral infections in HIV-infected patients should not be restricted to prototype viruses and also need to target all the different family of viruses as it seems likely that these viruses contribute to pulmonary complications and morbidity in this population.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Biomedizin > Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital Basel > Pulmonary Cell Research (Roth/Tamm)
UniBasel Contributors:Tamm, Michael
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Current Science
ISSN:0269-9370
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:09

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