Water-assisted Proton Transfer in Ferredoxin I

Lutz, Stephan and Tubert-Brohman, Ivan and Yang, Yonggang and Meuwly, Markus. (2011) Water-assisted Proton Transfer in Ferredoxin I. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286 (27). pp. 23679-23687.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002053

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The role of water molecules in assisting proton transfer (PT) is investigated for the proton-pumping protein ferredoxin I (FdI) from Azotobacter vinelandii. It was shown previously that individual water molecules can stabilize between Asp15 and the buried [3Fe-4S]0 cluster and thus can potentially act as a proton relay in transferring H+ from the protein to the μ2 sulfur atom. Here, we generalize molecular mechanics with proton transfer to studying proton transfer reactions in the condensed phase. Both umbrella sampling simulations and electronic structure calculations suggest that the PT Asp15-COOH + H2O + [3Fe-4S]0 → Asp15-COO− + H2O + [3Fe-4S]0 H+ is concerted, and no stable intermediate hydronium ion (H3O+) is expected. The free energy difference of 11.7 kcal/mol for the forward reaction is in good agreement with the experimental value (13.3 kcal/mol). For the reverse reaction (Asp15-COO− + H2O + [3Fe-4S]0H+ → Asp15-COOH + H2O + [3Fe-4S]0), a larger barrier than for the forward reaction is correctly predicted, but it is quantitatively overestimated (23.1 kcal/mol from simulations versus 14.1 from experiment). Possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed. Compared with the water-assisted process (ΔE ≈ 10 kcal/mol), water-unassisted proton transfer yields a considerably higher barrier of ΔE ≈ 35 kcal/mol.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Chemie > Chemie > Physikalische Chemie (Meuwly)
UniBasel Contributors:Meuwly, Markus
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article -- The final publication is available at American Society of Biological Chemists, see DOI link.”
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Last Modified:07 Dec 2016 13:35
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:09

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