Antiprotozoal activity of Melampyrum arvense and its metabolites

Kirmizibekmez, H. and Atay, I. and Kaiser, M. and Brun, R. and Cartagena, M. M. and Carballeira, N. M. and Yesilada, E. and Tasdemir, D.. (2011) Antiprotozoal activity of Melampyrum arvense and its metabolites. Phytotherapy research : an international journal devoted to pharmacological and toxocological evaluation of natural product derivatives, Vol. 25, H. 1. pp. 142-146.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6002114

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An activity guided isolation of the H(2)O subextract of the crude extract of Melampyrum arvense L. afforded iridoid glucosides: aucubin (1), melampyroside (2), mussaenoside (3), mussaenosidic acid (4), 8-epi-loganin (5); flavonoids: apigenin (6), luteolin (7), luteolin 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside (8); a lignan glycoside dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 9-O-beta-glucopyranoside (9); and benzoic acid (10). beta-Sitosterol (11) and a fatty acid mixture (12) were identified as the active principles of the CHCl(3) subextract. The structures of the isolates were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, while the composition of 12 was identified by GC-MS after methylation. Luteolin (7) appeared as the most active compound against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Leishmania donovani (IC(50) values 3.8 and 3.0 mug/mL). Luteolin 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside (8) displayed the best antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum (IC(50) value 2.9 mug/mL). This is the first detailed phytochemical study on Turkish M. arvense and the first report of the antiprotozoal effect of Melampyrum species and its constituents. Copyright (c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Parasite Chemotherapy (Mäser)
UniBasel Contributors:Brun, Reto and Kaiser, Marcel
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:John Wiley
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Nov 2012 16:22
Deposited On:08 Nov 2012 16:09

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