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The role of diabetes mellitus in patients with bloodstream infections

Stoeckle, M. and Kaech, C. and Trampuz, A. and Zimmerli, W.. (2008) The role of diabetes mellitus in patients with bloodstream infections. Swiss Medical Weekly, Vol. 138. pp. 512-519.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6006052

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since diabetes mellitus predisposes to infection, we evaluated whether diabetes increases the risk of bloodstream infection and worsens its outcome. METHODS: During a 4-year period 71 diabetic and 252 non-diabetic patients with bloodstream infection were included. Risk factors for death were assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Bloodstream infection was more frequent in diabetics than in non-diabetics (25.8/1000 admissions vs. 5.8/1000 admissions, p 20 mmol/L (3.9 [1.7-22]), ICU stay (7.1 [2-25]), mechanical ventilation (8.4 [1.2-57]) and chronic renal/hepatic failure (8.2 [1.6-43]) as significant risk factors. Hyperglycaemia (4.3 [3.4-5.2]) and ICU stay (3.3 [1.9-4.9]) remained significant in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetics had a 4.4-fold higher risk of bloodstream infection, were more prone to sepsis of unknown origin and had more septic complications than non-diabetics. The mortality rate was similar in the two groups.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Allgemeine innere Medizin Liestal (Zimmerli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Allgemeine innere Medizin Liestal (Zimmerli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Infektiologie > Infektiologie (Battegay M)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Infektiologie > Infektiologie (Battegay M)
UniBasel Contributors:Zimmerli, Werner and Trampuz, Andrej
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:EMH
ISSN:1424-7860
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:11 Oct 2012 15:32
Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 15:28

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