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Lipid-protein interaction in reconstituted cytochrome c oxidase/phospholipid membranes

Seelig, A. and Seelig, J.. (1978) Lipid-protein interaction in reconstituted cytochrome c oxidase/phospholipid membranes. Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie, Vol. 359, H. 12. pp. 1747-1756.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257545

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Abstract

Deuterium and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance have been employed in an investigation of the effect of cytochrome c oxidase (EC 1.9.3.1) on the structure of lecithin bilayers. Cytochrome c oxidase was isolated from beef heart mitochondria in lipid-free form and reconstituted as a functional enzyme in bilayers composed of synthetic 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. Two separate reconstitution experiments were performed in which the lipid was selectively deuterated either at the C-5' or at the C-14' segment of the palmitic acyl chain. The phospholipid-to-protein ratio of both reconstituted complexes was 0.74 (mg/mg), corresponding to about 200 molecules lipid per molecule cytochrome c oxidase. The deuterium quadrupole splitting deltanuQ, and the phosphorus chemical shielding anisotropy, deltasigma, of the cytochrome c oxidase-phospholipid recombinants were measured as a function of temperature and compared to the results obtained for the pure lipid membrane without protein for the pure lipid membrane without protein. deltanuQ and deltasigma are highly sensitive to the structural organization of the lipid membrane and these measurements demonstrate that the incorporation of cytochrome c oxidase into phosphatidylcholine bilayers leads to a more disordered conformational state of the lipids. This result can be explained by a rapid exchange between lipids in direct contact with hydrophobic protein and those further away from it (exchange rate greater than 10(4) Hz). The irregular protein surface is sensed by all lipid molecules and induces a more disordered bilayer structure. In contrast to previous interpretations, our measurements do not suggest a special type of boundary lipid.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig A)
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim and Seelig-Löffler, Anna
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
ISSN:0018-4888
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Sep 2012 06:49
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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