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Peptide binding to lipid bilayers : binding isotherms and zeta-potential of a cyclic somatostatin analogue

Beschiaschvili, G. and Seelig, J.. (1990) Peptide binding to lipid bilayers : binding isotherms and zeta-potential of a cyclic somatostatin analogue. Biochemistry, Vol. 29, H. 49. pp. 10995-11000.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257471

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Abstract

The binding of the cyclic somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995, (+)-D-Phe1-Cys2-Phe3-D-Trp4-(+)-Lys5-Thr6- Cys7-Thr(ol)8, to neutral and negatively charged lipids was investigated with a centrifugation assay and with electrophoretic and monolayer methods. Monolayers and bilayers were composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol (POPG), either in pure form or in a 75/25 (mol/mol) mixture. The expansion of monolayer films demonstrated the intercalation of the peptide between the lipid molecules with a surface area requirement of 135 A2 per peptide molecule, indicating a parallel alignment of the peptide long axis with the membrane surface. Above a limiting pressure of 32.5 mN/m for POPC and 38.5 mN/m for POPG, peptide penetration was no longer possible. The peptide binding isotherm could be measured for mixed POPC/POPG bilayers up to a peptide concentration of 0.5 mM. Due to electrostatic attraction, binding between the positively charged peptide and the negatively charged membrane surface was enhanced as compared to the binding to a neutral membrane. After correction for electrostatic effects by means of the Gouy-Chapman theory, the binding isotherm as well as the electrophoretic zeta-potential measurement could be described by the same partition equilibrium with a surface partition constant of Kp = 36 +/- 4 M-1 (at 0.1 M NaCl). About 60-70% of SMS 201-995 is probably embedded in the headgroup region with little penetration into the lipid core. The partition constant increases with increasing salt concentration or with decreasing lipid lateral pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0006-2960
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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