Paclitaxel partitioning into lipid bilayers

Wenk, M. R. and Fahr, A. and Reszka, R. and Seelig, J.. (1996) Paclitaxel partitioning into lipid bilayers. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, Vol. 85, H. 2. pp. 228-231.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257441

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Paclitaxel (taxol) is diterpenoid anticancer drug with a new mechanism of cytostatic action. It is under investigation in clinical trials for treatment of various types of human cancer. A major difficulty in developing paclitaxel as a chemotherapeutic agent in its poor water solubility. In order to improve the bioavailability of paclitaxel, novel vehicle systems such as mixed micelles or liposome-based formulations are being developed. In this study we determined the partition coefficient of paclitaxel partitioning into small unilamellar lipid vesicles composed of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine using two different methods, namely high-sensitivity titration calorimetry and fluorescence spectrometry. We measured a partition coefficient of Kp approximately equal to 9,500 M-1, a partition enthalpy of Delta H = -25 +/- 3 kcal mol-1 and a free energy of binding of Delta G = -7.9 kcal mol-1. The binding reaction is enthalpy-driven, which can be explained by van der Waals interactions between the hydrophobic drug and the strong temperature dependence of the partition equilibrium. A temperature increase of 10 degrees C reduces the paclitaxel solubility in the lipid phase by a factor of 4.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Pharmaceutical Association
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:18

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