Peer review practices : content analysis of external reviews in science funding

Reinhart, Martin. (2010) Peer review practices : content analysis of external reviews in science funding. Research evaluation, 2010. pp. 317-331.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A6001446

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The primary purpose of this study is to open up the black box of peer review and to increase its transparency, understanding, and credibility. To this end, two arguments will be presented: First, epistemic and social aspects of peer review procedures are inseparable and mutually constitutive. Second, a content analysis of written reviews indicates that certain elements of peer culture from the 17th century are still active in the scientific community. These arguments are illustrated by a case study on the peer review practices of a national funding institution, the Swiss National Science Foundation. Based on the case study and the two arguments it will be concluded more generally that peer review procedures show a distinctive specificity to the reviewed objects (e.g. papers or proposals), the organisational format (e.g. panels or external reviewers), or the surrounding context (e.g. disciplinary or interdisciplinary). Scientists, administrators, and the public may conclude that appraising peer review procedures should not be done by way of general principals but should be based on concrete factual knowledge on the specific process under discussion.
Faculties and Departments:04 Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > Departement Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Ehemalige Einheiten Gesellschaftswissenschaften > Wissenschaftsforschung (Maasen)
UniBasel Contributors:Reinhart, Martin
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Beech Tree
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article -- This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in 'Research Evalutation' following peer review. The version of record is available online, see DOI.
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Last Modified:20 Oct 2017 06:45
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 07:14

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