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Benthic nutrient fluxes along the Laurentian Channel: Impacts on the N budget of the St. Lawrence marine system

Thibodeau, B. and Lehmann, M. F. and Kowarzyk, J. and Mucci, A. and Gélinas, Y. and Gilbert, D. and Maranger, R. and Alkhatib, M.. (2010) Benthic nutrient fluxes along the Laurentian Channel: Impacts on the N budget of the St. Lawrence marine system. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 90. pp. 195-205.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5840323

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Abstract

Water column concentrations and benthic fluxes of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and oxygen (DO)were measured in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Upper and Lower St. Lawrence Estuary (USLE andLSLE, respectively) to assess the nitrogen (N) budget in the St. Lawrence (SL) system, as well as toelucidate the impact of bottom water hypoxia on fixed-N removal in the LSLE. A severe nitrate deficit,with respect to ambient phosphate concentrations (N*w10 mmol L1), was observed within and in thevicinity of the hypoxic bottom water of the LSLE. Given that DO concentrations in the water column haveremained above 50 mmol L1, nitrate reduction in suboxic sediments, rather than in the water column, ismost likely responsible for the removal of fixed N from the SL system. Net nitrate fluxes into the sediments,derived from pore water nitrate concentration gradients, ranged from 190 mmol m2 d1 in thehypoxic western LSLE to 100 mmol m2 d1 in the Gulf. The average total benthic nitrate reduction ratefor the Laurentian Channel (LC) is on the order of 690 mmol m2 d1, with coupled nitrification-nitratereduction accounting for more than 70%. Using average nitrate reduction rates derived from the observedwater column nitrate deficit, the annual fixed-N elimination within the three main channels of the Gulfof St. Lawrence and LSLE was estimated at 411 106 t N, yielding an almost balanced N budget for the SLmarine system.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Umweltgeowissenschaften > Geochemie Stoffkreisläufe (Lehmann)
UniBasel Contributors:Lehmann, Moritz F
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0272-7714
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Sep 2012 07:22
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 07:14

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