Control of intrinsically disordered stathmin by multisite phosphorylation

Honnappa, S. and Jahnke, W. and Seelig, J. and Steinmetz, M. O.. (2006) Control of intrinsically disordered stathmin by multisite phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 281, H. 23. pp. 16078-16083.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5257380

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Stathmin is an intrinsically disordered protein implicated in the regulation of microtubule dynamics and in the development of cancer. The microtubule destabilizing activity of stathmin is down-regulated by phosphorylation of four serine residues, Ser16, Ser25, Ser38, and Ser63. Here we have used calorimetric and spectroscopic methods, including nuclear magnetic resonance to analyze the properties of seven stathmin phosphoisoforms to bind tubulin and inhibit microtubule formation. We found that stathmin phosphorylation results in a substantial loss in hydration entropy upon tubulin-stathmin complex formation. Remarkably, a linear correlation between the free energy change of complex formation and the microtubule inhibition activities of stathmin phosphoisoforms was observed. This finding provides a biophysical basis for understanding the mechanism by which local stathmin activity gradients important for promoting localized microtubule growth are established. We further found that phosphorylation of Ser16 and Ser63 disrupts the formation of a tubulin-interacting beta-hairpin and a helical segment, respectively, explaining the dominant role of these residues in regulating cell cycle progression. The insight into the tubulin-stathmin interaction offers a molecular basis for understanding the nature and the factors that control intrinsically disordered protein systems in general.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Biophysical Chemistry (Seelig J)
UniBasel Contributors:Seelig, Joachim
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Society of Biological Chemists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:17

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