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Short climatic fluctuations and their impact on human economies and societies : the potential of the Neolithic lake shore settlements in the Alpine foreland

Schibler, Joerg and Jacomet, Stefanie. (2010) Short climatic fluctuations and their impact on human economies and societies : the potential of the Neolithic lake shore settlements in the Alpine foreland. Environmental archaeology, Vol. 15, no. 2. pp. 173-182.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5556065

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Abstract

Neolithic lake shore settlements offer excellent preservation conditions for organic finds (e.g.wood, botanical remains, animal bones, etc.) which mostly occur in uncarbonised form. Theseorganic remains provide exact dendrochronological dating and detailed information aboutnutrition of the people and their environment. We use this excellent database to investigate theimpact of short-term climatic fluctuation on the economy of human communities. Comparisonbetween archaeozoological results and climatic proxies reveal correlations between the two.During short periods of climatic deterioration high levels of hunting are observed, leading us toconclude that during these phases of wild resources like game were more intensively exploited.This exploitation may possibly be a response to problems in the production of cereals.Methodological problems with archaeobotanical data, however, make an easy causal attributiondifficult. Contingent on regional differences in climatic conditions, the influence of short-termclimatic fluctuations varies greatly across the Alpine foreland. Where there are frequent phases ofclimatic deteriorations over an extended time period, indications of overexploitation of wildresources are observed. Klima - Anbau - Pfahlbauten - Wirtschaft - Klimaschwankung - Subsistenz - Ressourcennutzung
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Umweltwissenschaften > Integrative Prähistorische und Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (IPNA) > Archäozoologie (Schibler)
UniBasel Contributors:Schibler, Jörg M. and Jacomet, Stefanie
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Publisher:Oxbow Books
ISSN:1461-4103
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:18 Dec 2015 09:31
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 07:04

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