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Optimized DNA preparation from mycobacteria

Käser, M. and Ruf, M. T. and Hauser, J. and Pluschke, G.. (2010) Optimized DNA preparation from mycobacteria. Cold Spring Harbor protocols, Vol. 2010, H. 4 , pdb.prot5408.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5842968

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Abstract

Extraction of genomic DNA from mycobacteria requires special consideration because (i) many mycobacterial species exhibit extremely slow growth, and thus produce only small amounts of starting material, and (ii) a robust and waxy cell wall renders mycobacteria difficult to lyse. Hence, mycobacterial DNA extraction often results in low DNA yields of unsuitable quality. Published protocols for mycobacterial DNA preparations and commercially available extraction kits are mainly designed for the isolation of small amounts of genomic material suitable for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based applications like species identification. However, such DNA quantities and qualities are usually not sufficient for contemporary genomic analyses such as whole genome sequence analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection, or DNA microarrays, or for investigations of bacterial evolution, virulence, or epidemiology on a world-wide population level. Moreover, most protocols that achieve a high standard in DNA recovery typically employ large reaction volumes and thus require milliliter-scale plasticware and centrifugal equipment as well as large amounts of chemicals, all of which are costly both in purchase and disposal. The DNA extraction method described here was established to address the challenges that result from the slow growth and distinct cell wall composition of mycobacteria, and to greatly enhance both yield and purity of mycobacterial DNA preparations in a small extraction volume. Designed to be performed using 1.5-mL reaction tubes and the corresponding equipment, the method is economical and practical, and reliably yields large amounts of pure genomic DNA--increases of at least 10-fold as compared to earlier protocols
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology > Molecular Diagnostics (Felger)
UniBasel Contributors:Pluschke, Gerd
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Bibsysno:Link to catalogue
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:14 Sep 2012 07:19
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:49

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