Nuclear localization of vertebrate cyclin A correlates with its ability to form complexes with cdk catalytic subunits

Maridor, G. and Gallant, P. and Golsteyn, R. and Nigg, E. A.. (1993) Nuclear localization of vertebrate cyclin A correlates with its ability to form complexes with cdk catalytic subunits. Journal of cell science, Vol. 106, H. 2. pp. 535-544.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5249467

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Cyclins control the activities of cyclin-dependent protein kinases (cdks) and hence play a key role in cell cycle regulation. While B-type cyclins associate with p34cdc2 to trigger entry into mitosis, progression through S phase requires cyclin A, presumably in association with p33cdk2. Vertebrate A- and B-type cyclins display strikingly distinct subcellular localizations, but the mechanisms underlying these differential distributions are unknown. Here, we have begun to study the requirements for nuclear localization of cyclin A. We have isolated a cDNA coding for chicken cyclin A and constructed a series of deletion mutants. These were then transfected into HeLa cells, and the subcellular distribution of the mutant cyclin A proteins was determined by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. In parallel, the cyclin A mutants were assayed for their ability to form complexes with cdk subunits. We found that deletion of more than 100 residues from the N terminus of cyclin A did not impair nuclear localization or cdk subunit binding and kinase activation. In contrast, removal of as few as 15 residues from the C terminus, or deletion of part of the internal cyclin box domain, abolished nuclear localization of cyclin A as well as its ability to bind to and activate cdk subunits. These results suggest that nuclear transport of cyclin A may depend on the formation of multiprotein complexes comprising cdk catalytic subunits.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum
05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Cell Biology (Nigg)
UniBasel Contributors:Nigg, Erich A.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Company of Biologists
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:22 Mar 2012 14:19
Deposited On:22 Mar 2012 13:17

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