In vitro-in vivo studies on anti-trypanosomal potentials of Zapoteca portoricensis

Nwodo, N. J. and Omeje, E. O. and Brun, R.. (2009) In vitro-in vivo studies on anti-trypanosomal potentials of Zapoteca portoricensis. Asian pacific journal of tropical medicine, Vol. 2, H. 1. pp. 25-29.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5843237

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Objective: Aqueous extracts of Zapoteca, portoricensis are used traditionally as antidiarrhea agent and in the treatment of diverse gastrointestinal disorders here in Nigeria specifically, the southern part. Similarly, the aqueous extract of the plant is also used traditionally as anticonvulsant, antispasmodic and in the treatment of tonsillitis. Recently too, the anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities of the methanol extracts of the root of Zapoteca portoricensis was reported. In this research, we are set to investigate the trypanocidal activity of Zapoteca portoricensis. Methods: The methanol extract of the root of Zapoteca portoricensis was investigated for both in vitro and in vivo trypanocidal activity following established models. In summary, phytochemical analysis was carried out on both the crude powdered root and on the methanol extract following standard procedures. The oral acute toxicity test (LD50) of the crude methanol extract was determined according to the method described by Lorke (1983). Albino mice (17g-21g) of either sex were used. The methanol extract was suspended in 3 % v/v tween 85 and administered orally at doses of 10 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 1000 mg/kg to three groups of mice (n = 3). The animals were observed for 24 hours. Based on the result obtained in this initial test, doses of 4 mg/kg, 6 mg/kg, and 8 mg/kg were administered to three different mice. The LD50 was calculated as the geometric mean of the lowest dose killing a mouse and the highest close showing no death. The in in-vitro anti-trypanosomal evaluations were carried out in experimental animals and tissue cell culture respectively. Results: The result of the in vitro studies shows the inhibitive concentration-50 (IC-50) against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (T. b. rhodesiense) to be 0. 372 mg/kg, while the control drug melarsoprol was 0. 006 mg/kg. On Trypanosoma brucei brucei (T. cruzi), the IC-50 is 6.42 mg/kg against 0. 87 of the reference drug Benznidazole. The cyctotoxicity on L-6 cells exhibited an IC-50 of 0. 039 6 mg/kg against the reference drug, podophyllotoxin of 0.01 mg/kg. However; the in vivo study shows that the extract, at the administered closes, could not exhibit appreciable reduction of parasitemia and hence resulted to the death of test animals. Conclusion: The present data suggests that Zapoteca portoricensis could yield useful leads for the development of potentially potent antitrypanocides
Faculties and Departments:09 Associated Institutions > Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) > Department of Medical Parasitology and Infection Biology (MPI) > Parasite Chemotherapy (Mäser)
UniBasel Contributors:Brun, Reto
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
Last Modified:14 Sep 2012 07:17
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:39

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