Endocytosis-Independent Function of Clathrin Heavy Chain in the Control of Basal NF-kappaB Activation

Kim, M. L. and Sorg, I. and Arrieumerlou, C.. (2011) Endocytosis-Independent Function of Clathrin Heavy Chain in the Control of Basal NF-kappaB Activation. PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, H. 2 , e17158.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5844154

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BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a transcription factor that regulates the transcription of genes involved in a variety of biological processes, including innate and adaptive immunity, stress responses and cell proliferation. Constitutive or excessive NF-kappaB activity has been associated with inflammatory disorders and higher risk of cancer. In contrast to the mechanisms controlling inducible activation, the regulation of basal NF-kappaB activation is not well understood. Here we test whether clathrin heavy chain (CHC) contributes to the regulation of basal NF-kappaB activity in epithelial cells. METHODOLOGY: Using RNA interference to reduce endogenous CHC expression, we found that CHC is required to prevent constitutive activation of NF-kappaB and gene expression. Immunofluorescence staining showed constitutive nuclear localization of the NF-kappaB subunit p65 in absence of stimulation after CHC knockdown. Elevated basal p65 nuclear localization is caused by constitutive phosphorylation and degradation of inhibitor of NF-kappaB alpha (IkappaBalpha) through an IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha)-dependent mechanism. The role of CHC in NF-kappaB signaling is functionally relevant as constitutive expression of the proinflammatory chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8), whose expression is regulated by NF-kappaB, was found after CHC knockdown. Disruption of clathrin-mediated endocytosis by chemical inhibition or depletion of the mu2-subunit of the endocytosis adaptor protein AP-2, and knockdown of clathrin light chain a (CHLa), failed to induce constitutive NF-kappaB activation and IL-8 expression, showing that CHC acts on NF-kappaB independently of endocytosis and CLCa. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that CHC functions as a built-in molecular brake that ensures a tight control of basal NF-kappaB activation and gene expression in unstimulated cells. Furthermore, our data suggest a potential link between a defect in CHC expression and chronic inflammation disorde and cancer.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Biozentrum > Former Organization Units Biozentrum > Molecular Microbiology (Arrieumerlou)
UniBasel Contributors:Arrieumerlou, C├ęcile
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:31 Aug 2018 06:40
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 06:38

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