# Development-based compartmentalization of the Drosophila central brain

Pereanu, W. and Kumar, A. and Jennett, A. and Reichert, H. and Hartenstein, V.. (2010) Development-based compartmentalization of the Drosophila central brain. The Journal of comparative neurology, Vol. 518, H. 15. pp. 2996-3023.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5842454

The neuropile of the Drosophila brain is subdivided into anatomically discrete compartments. Compartments are rich in terminal neurite branching and synapses; they are the neuropile domains in which signal processing takes place. Compartment boundaries are defined by more or less dense layers of glial cells as well as long neurite fascicles. These fascicles are formed during the larval period, when the approximately 100 neuronal lineages that constitute the Drosophila central brain differentiate. Each lineage forms an axon tract with a characteristic trajectory in the neuropile; groups of spatially related tracts congregate into the brain fascicles that can be followed from the larva throughout metamorphosis into the adult stage. Here we provide a map of the adult brain compartments and the relevant fascicles defining compartmental boundaries. We have identified the neuronal lineages contributing to each fascicle, which allowed us to compare compartments of the larval and adult brain directly. Most adult compartments can be recognized already in the early larval brain, where they form a protomap of the later adult compartments. Our analysis highlights the morphogenetic changes shaping the Drosophila brain; the data will be important for studies that link early-acting genetic mechanisms to the adult neuronal structures and circuits controlled by these mechanisms. J. Comp. Neurol. 518:2996-3023, 2010. (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.