Combinatorial QSAR Modeling of human Intestinal Absorption

Suenderhauf, Claudia and Hammann, Felix and Maunz, Andreas and Helma, Christoph and Huwyler, Jörg. (2011) Combinatorial QSAR Modeling of human Intestinal Absorption. Molecular pharmaceutics, Vol. 8, H. 1. pp. 213-224.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5841172

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Intestinal drug absorption in humans is a central topic in drug discovery. In this study, we use a broad selection of machine learning and statistical methods for the classification and numerical prediction of this key endpoint. Our dataset is based on a selection of 458 small drug-like compounds with FDA approval. Using easily available tools, we calculated one- to three-dimensional physicochemical descriptors and used various methods of feature selection (best-first backward selection, correlation analysis, and decision tree analysis). We then used decision tree induction (DTI), fragment-based lazy-learning (LAZAR), support vector machine classification, multilayer perceptrons, random forests, k-nearest neighbor and Naïve Bayes analysis to model absorption ratios and binary classification (well absorbed and poorly absorbed compounds). Best performance for classification was seen with DTI using the chi-squared analysis interaction detector (CHAID) algorithm yielding corrected classification rate of 88%, (Matthews correlation coefficient of 75%). In numeric predictions, the multilayer perceptron performed best achieving root mean squared error of 25.823 and a correlation coefficient of 0.6. In line with current understanding is the importance of descriptors such as lipophilic partition coefficients (logP) and hydrogen bonding. However, we are able to highlight the utility of gravitational indices and moments of inertia, reflecting the role of structural symmetry in oral absorption. Our models are based on s diverse dataset of marketed drugs representing a broad chemical space. These models therefore contribute substantially to the molecular understanding of human intestinal drug absorption and qualify for a generalized use in drug discovery and lead optimization.
Faculties and Departments:05 Faculty of Science > Departement Pharmazeutische Wissenschaften > Pharmazie > Pharmaceutical Technology (Huwyler)
UniBasel Contributors:Suenderhauf, Claudia and Hammann, Felix and Huwyler, Jörg
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Publisher:American Chemical Society
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:08 Jun 2012 06:56
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:51

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