Individualising drug dispensaries in a university hospital

Hug, Balthasar L. and Jordan, M. and Plagge, H. and Schneider, K. and Surber, C.. (2007) Individualising drug dispensaries in a university hospital. Swiss Medical Weekly, 137 (3-4). pp. 62-65.

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Official URL: http://edoc.unibas.ch/dok/A5839017

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BACKGROUND: In hospitals and other healthcare institutions drugs are routinely stored in designated satellite areas on the wards. Often ad hoc decisions are made by clinicians and nurses regarding drug type and quantity to be stored. As a result the number of different drugs and drug packages in storage tends to increase, which may lead to inefficient drug handling and become a potential risk factor in the medication control process. Based on an extended analysis of drug inventories on three different wards it was hypothesized that a ward-individualised formulary (WIF) can halve the number of different drugs and drug packages in a drug dispensary and hence reduce bound capital, money lost through expired drugs, and facilitate safer drug handling. The interdisciplinary intervention described here took place on three 40-bed wards in a 700-bed university hospital housing patients in general internal medicine, haematology, nephrology and oncology. METHODS: A WIF was defined by including all drugs from the hospital formulary ordered at least three times in the past six months. A pharmacist, a nurse and a clinician reviewed the inclusion list of drugs and clinicians were strongly encouraged to prescribe drugs primarily from the WIF. Drugs excluded from the WIF were removed from the drug dispensaries and the number of included drug packages stored in the remote dispensaries was reduced according to their order history. Drug inventory on the wards was monitored from February 2004 to April 2006. RESULTS: The initial drug dispensary inventories on wards A, B and C consisted of 2031, 1667 and 1536 packages with 943, 897 and 831 different drugs valued at h 83 931, h 44 590 and h 57 285. respectively. After adjusting the drug dispensaries according to the WIF drug dispensary inventories on wards A, B and C consisted of 808 (-60%), 600 (-64%) and 485 (-68%) packages with 415 (-56%), 334 (-63%) and 376 (-55%) different drugs valued euro 28 012 (-67%), euro 10 381 (-77%) an euro 17 898 (-69%). The overall reductions the number of packages, the different drugs and the drug value were comparable (<50%) and remained low during the entire observation time (A: 18 months, B: 13 months, C: 8 months). CONCLUSION: Rearranging dispensaries by individualizing the drug inventory according to the needs of the ward by introducing a WIF is a valuable means to significantly (<50%) reduce [1] the number of drug packages, [2] the number of different drugs stored and [3] the capital bound drugs. The positive effects of the WIF are supported by the interdisciplinary interaction of the different professional groups involved in the medication process. The leaner drug dispensaries offer optimal basic conditions for introducing new IT-based systems to further increase the safety of the medication process.
Faculties and Departments:03 Faculty of Medicine
03 Faculty of Medicine > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Stationäre innere Medizin (Schifferli)
03 Faculty of Medicine > Departement Klinische Forschung > Bereich Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Ehemalige Einheiten Medizinische Fächer (Klinik) > Stationäre innere Medizin (Schifferli)
UniBasel Contributors:Surber, Christian and Hug, Balthasar L.
Item Type:Article, refereed
Article Subtype:Research Article
Note:Publication type according to Uni Basel Research Database: Journal article
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Last Modified:13 Jun 2018 09:27
Deposited On:08 Jun 2012 06:46

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